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    2024年4月山东自考00522英语国家概况试题

    2024-05-13 10:30:15    来源:其它    点击:    
    自考学习平台 +问答

      2024年4月高等教育自学考试

      英语国家概况试题

      课程代码:00522

      1.请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。

      2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔 填写在答题纸规定的位置上。

      选择题部分

      注意事项:

      每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

      I.MULTIPLE CHOICE

      Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully.For each unfinished statement or question,four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D are given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the ANSWER SHEET.(30 points,1 point each)

      1.Lough Neagh,the largest lake in the UK,lies in

      A. Wales B.Scotland

      C.England D.Northern Ireland

      2. had little influence on the language or culture of ordinary Britons.

      A.The Romans B.The Anglo-Saxons

      C.The Danes D.The Normans

      3.A two-party system has existed in the UK since the late century.

      A.16th B.17th

      C.18th D.19th

      4.After becoming the first Archbishop of Canterbury, was remarkably successful in

      converting the king and the nobility to Christianity.

      A.King Ethelbert B.Pope Gregory l

      C.St.Augustine D.St.Andrew

      00522#英语国家概况试题第1页(共6页)

      5.The smooth takeover of the English throne by William and Mary without bloodshed in

      1688 became known as in British history.

      A.the Glorious Revolution B.the Restoration

      C.the English Reformation D.the Gunpowder Plot

      6.In England, redistributed parliamentary seats more fairly among the growing

      towns.

      A.the Act of Supremacy of 1535 B.the Test Act of 1673

      C.the 1825 Act D.the Reform Act of 1832

      7.After the "Black Wednesday"fiasco of September 16,1992 in the UK, economic

      policies were criticized.

      A.Tony Blair's B.John Major's

      C.David Cameron's D.Gordon Brown's

      8.The discovery of oil in led to the rapid development of oil exploitation in the UK.

      A.the North Sea B.the English Channel

      C.the Irish Sea D.the Bristol Channel

      9.The House of Commons in the UK is elected for a maximum term of years.

      A.two B.three

      C.four D.five

      10.The world-renowned events in Britain include the Royal Ascot,the Derby and the

      Grand National Steeplechase.

      A.track-and-field B.horse-racing

      C.rowing D.yachting

      11.At the beginning of the 20th century, made a fortune as the leader of the

      enormous expansion of the steel industry.

      A.John D.Rockefeller B.Andrew Carnegie

      C.Henry Ford D.Wilbur Wright

      12.Leadville,which still preserves a living picture of gold rush days in the United States, lies in

      A.the American West B.the Pacific Coast

      C.the Midwest D.the South

      13.Beginning in the late 1990s and early 2000s,the image of the United States changes from a melting pot to a

      A.colored bowl B.golden bowl

      C.salad bow1 D.super bowl

      00522#英语国家概况试题第2页(共6页)

      14.In the United States,the first railroad to cross the entire country was completed in in 1869.

      A.Texas B.Utah

      C.Kansas D.Nebraska

      15.The terrorist attacks that took place in September 2001 shifted America's attention to the

      problem of

      A.national economy B.public welfare

      C.racial discrimination D.domestic security

      16.The Spanish-American War in 1898 resulted from US support for the independence movement in ,which was then ruled by Spain.

      A.Panama B.Puerto Rico

      C.Mexico D.Cuba

      17.In 1955,Martin Luther King organized the black citizens of to boycott the bus

      system.

      A.Montgomery B.Little Rock

      C.Memphis D.Topeka

      18.Although lost the popular vote,he was still elected president of the United States.

      A.Ronald Reagan B.Bill Clinton

      C.George W.Bush D.Barack Obama

      19.The Supreme Court of the United States consists of a chief justice and associate

      justices.

      A.six B.seven

      C.eight D.nine

      20.Who is generally considered to be the father of American drama?

      A.Eugene O'Neill. B.Ernest Hemingway

      C.Emily Dickinson. D.Henry David Thoreau.

      21. is the capital of Canada.

      A.Ottawa B.Toronto

      C.Vancouver D.Montreal

      22.After Russia. is the world's second largest country in area.

      A.Australia B.New Zealand

      C.India D.Canada

      00522#英语国家概况试题第3页(共6页)

      23.The novelist was the first Australian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

      A.Marcus Clarke B.Patrick White

      C.Henry Kingsley D.Thomas Keneally

      24.Situated in the Eastern Highlands, is a monumental garden city in Australia. A.Sydney B.Perth

      C.Adelaide D.Canberra

      25.In Australia,the power of Parliament is limited by

      A.the Queen B.social conventions

      C.the Governor-General D.a written constitution

      26.Pakeha is a term used to refer to people of non-Polynesian heritage in New Zealand, especially those of descent.

      A.European B.African

      C.American D.Asian

      27.The tuatara,found on some of the smaller islands of New Zealand,is a kind of

      A.insect B.reptile

      C.bird D.fish

      28.Three fourths of New Zealanders live on

      A.the Chatham Islands B.the South Island

      C.the North Island D.the Cook Islands

      29.English was first introduced to Ireland during

      A.the Tudor conquest B.the Norsemen invasion

      C.the Norman invasion D.the Cromwellian conquest

      30.It was that joined Great Britain and Ireland into the United Kingdom in 1801. A.the Anglo-Irish Agreement B.the Sunningdale Agreement

      C.the Belfast Agreement D.the Act of Union

      非选择题部分

      注意事项:

      用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。

      II. BLANK FILLING

      Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 31-40

      on the ANSWER SHEET.(20 points,2 points each)

      31.The forerunners of the Conservative Party in the UK were

      32.In the 14th century, killed between one half and one third of the population of

      England.

      00522#英语国家概况试题第4页(共6页)

      33.Mrs.Thatcher was removed from the position of Prime Minister in 1990 by her own party

      partly because of her imposition of a

      34.English oppression and of 1845-1849 led to the immigration of 1.5 million Irish

      people to the United States.

      35.In 1867,Russia sold to the United States for 7.2 million dollars.

      36. has won Canada's Governor General's Award for fiction three times.

      37.The movie contains critical perspectives on Australian history and social life.

      38.At its founding in the late 1700s,Australia was a

      39.The unrivaled scenic attractions of New Zealand are shown to the world in

      trilogy

      40.The National Theater of Ireland was founded in part by the poet and playwright

      ***************************************

      A.the Tories

      B.prison colony

      C.Black Death

      D.The Lord of the Rings

      E. Alice Munrc

      F.the Potato Famine

      G.A Cry in the Dark

      H. William Butler Yeats

      I. the Whigs

      J. Hawaii

      K. Alaska

      L. “poll tax”

      ***************************************

      00522#英语国家概况试题第5页(共6页)

      III. TERM EXPLANATION

      Define the following terms in English.Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET in around 40 words.(10 points,5 points each)

      41.Aotearoa

      42.the Petition of Right

      IV.SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS

      Give a brief answer to each of the following questions.You are required to use complete sentences.Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.(30 points, 3 points each)

      43.What were the three vast,underpopulated territories acquired by Britain in the late 18th

      century?

      44.What are the three branches of the British government?

      45.Why do courts in the UK enforce a law of contempt?

      46.Why is tourism quite developed in New England?

      47.What were the guiding principles behind all American diplomatic activities during WWII?

      48.For what purpose did the Canadian government adopt an official policy of multiculturalism

      in 1971?

      49.Who appoints the Governor-General of Canada?

      50.What are the three basic geographical regions of Australia?

      51.Which two countries signed the Downing Street Declaration in 1993?

      52.What does the secondary school system in Ireland comprise?

      V.ESSAY QUESTION

      Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)

      53.What were the main characteristics of the American economic development in the early

      20th century?

      00522#英语国家概况试题第6页(共6页)

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